History of Ukraine

Ukraine is one of the youngest countries on the world map. Its birthday is in August 1991, but the Ukrainian statehood dates back to the 3-4 century BC, when the Tripoli culture developed on the territory of modern Eastern Europe: it was first settled tribes who engaged in cattle breeding and agriculture and gave their descendants a rich pottery culture – they decorated their pottery with ornaments; many archaeological findings of ceramic figurines of people and animals, painted pottery, building models indicate the rich history of Ukrainian ancestors.

The next most significant milestones in Ukrainian history is Scythian (Iranianspeaking people from Central Asia), which replaced Cimmerians from the territories of Ukrainian steppe and formed the first state formation – the “kingdom of Ateas” and Sarmatians (also nomads) who actually replaced the Scythians.

Another milestone of Ukrainian history was the creation of a single state – Kievan Rus, which was formed of the Slavic tribes lived in what is now Ukraine. At the times of Kievan Rus Christianity was adopted and is the main religion so far.

Further heroic pages of Ukrainian history is related to the era of the Cossacks: chronology covers the beginning of XVI – the end of the XVIII century. Ukrainians were engaged into many wars against the Crimean Tatars, Turkey, Russia and Poland. But this period ended in the destruction of Zaporizhzhyan Sich by Catherine II. Since then, Ukraine has completely lost its statehood and fell under the rule of Russia for a long time.

Statebuilding aspirations that came to nothing were in the early twentieth century. But due to the coherence of actions and tragic coincidence Ukraine has failed to separate from Russia. Having survived the tragic years of famine, the Second World War, Ukraine became independent in 1991 and since that time has independently built its own destiny.